Bootstrap 4 Grid BS4 Grid System BS4 Stacked/Horizontal BS4 Grid XSmall BS4 Grid Small BS4 Grid Medium BS4 Grid Large BS4 Grid XLarge BS4 Grid Examples. The Toast component is like an alert box that is only shown for a couple of seconds when something happens (i.e. When the user clicks on a button, submits a form, etc.). Open source Angular UI component library. PrimeNG Theme Designer. Designer API is a SASS based theme engine to create PrimeNG themes easily featuring over 500 variables, a demo application and a base sample theme. This week we look at a CSS grid called Toast! It's small, fast, and flexible. Learn Toast in 15 min!Download toast here: https://daneden.github.io/Toast/Othe.
Toast is a really light-weight fully responsive CSS grid. Toast grid was created by Dan Eden, the man behind animate.css and baseline.js.
If you are already using Bootstrap, Foundation or any other CSS framework, You might ask why you should learn a new grid system.
The number one reason to use Toast grid system is that, it is very light, no-nonsense grid system, for creating responsive websites quickly and easily.
Bootstrap, Foundation and many other CSS framework allow you to create responsive, mobile first websites quickly as well but they are not really light weight. CSS frameworks are very powerful but they offer a lot of features and functionality that you might not need in every project. That means a lot of unused code on your production site.
Toast is just 313 lines of code and 7KB uncompressed, while the minified version of bootstrap 3.2 CSS is 106KB (6200 lines of code).
Toast Grid basics
Toast Grid is fully responsive and customizable. Toast uses pixel for gutters, not rem, ems or percentages. You can also customize Toast’s CSS classes, if you don’t like to use default lengthy CSS classes for grid columns.
Toast supports Sass. So if you are already using Sass you can very easily customize CSS classes, default gutters (spacing between grid columns) etc. But even if you don’t know how to use Sass, no problem, simply open toast.css in your code editor and use search and replace feature to replace default class names with your own class names for grid and columns.
Getting started with Toast Grid
Getting started with Toast grid is very simple and easy. If you are an absolute beginner. don’t worry, I will explain everything. Create a new file and save it as index.html and add following code to it:
I am using two different CSS files, toast.css and style.css file but you can use a single file. Either rename toast.css to style.css file and delete other style.css file or copy all code from the toast.css file and paste it into style.css file and delete the toast.css file.
Just like Bootstrap and foundation grid system, Toast offers different CSS classes to create multiple columns layout very easily. Here you can see the basic markup to create a simple two column layout with Toast grid:
In Toast Grid
works as a container for your columns and two create columns for your layout you will have to use
classes. Just replace * with number of columns you need e.g
Bootstrap offers a simple 12 column grid, but Toast offers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 12 columns grid system known as Toast Column Groups. It allows you to create a multi-column layout very easily.
In above example, I have used 12 column grid to create two equal columns layout but you can also use following variation of Toast grid to create two equal columns layout.
Example one: 2 column grid
Example two: 4 column grid
Example three: 8 column grid
All of above examples will generate two equal columns. But what if you need 5 equal columns for your site? With default 12 column grid you cannot create 5 equal columns without using extra classes but with Toast’s 5 column group, you can do it very easily. See example below:
12 column grid is most popular and widely used. 12 columns gris system allow you to create multiple columns layout for different projects. I personally like to use 12 columns grid.
Rename default classes
As you can see Toast’s classes are very long but you can rename all these classes very easily with Sass variables or just use search and replace feature. So lets rename Toast’s default
classes to simple
Open your style.css or toast.css file and around line 43, you will see
just rename this to
Now search for
and replace it with
. That’s all now you can use following classes in your HTML.
If you are using Sass, then simply rename
around line 33 and 34.
Maximum width for your site layout
To set a maximum width of, for example, 960px you can add custom CSS in your style.css file or simply use a div with a class of container or wrapper and set your desired maximum width:
If you are using default classes, just set maximum width for the
class, If you are using custom classes as a wrapper or out container, don’t forget to set the maximum width for your site.
Toast Grid also offers different classes for your grids and columns for example push, pull and no-gutter classes. If you don’t want to use push and pull classes in your project, You can disable them with Sass.
You can use following classes
to push columns
to pull columns
to remove gutter (spacing between columns)
to reorder columns
to reorder columns
for centered columns
Small and medium grid
Just like Bootstrap, Toast also offers CSS classes to target small and medium screen devices. That means, if you need a multicolumn layout for small or medium screen devices, you can apply additional classes.
To target medium screen devices, You can add
classes. To target medium screen devices, you have 4 columns grid. For small screen devices, you have 2 columns grid.
Toast is a very light-weight and fully customizable responsive grid system. So if you are looking for an alternative to Bootstrap and Foundation frameworks, you should give it a try.
In Android, Toast is used to display information for a period of time. It contains a message to be displayed quickly and disappears after specified period of time. It does not block the user interaction. Toast is a subclass of Object class. In this we use two constants for setting the duration for the Toast. Toast notification in android always appears near the bottom of the screen. We can also create our custom toast by using custom layout(xml file).
Special Note: In Android, Toast is used when we required to notify user about an operation without expecting any user input. It displays a small popup for message and automatically fades out after timeout.
Table Of Contents
Important Methods Of Toast:
Let’s we discuss some important methods of Toast that may be called in order to manage the Toast.
1. makeText(Context context, CharSequence text, int duration): This method is used to initiate the Toast. This method take three parameters First is for the application Context, Second is text message and last one is duration for the Toast.
Constants of Toast: Below is the constants of Toast that are used for setting the duration for the Toast.
1. LENGTH_LONG: It is used to display the Toast for a long period of time. When we set this duration the Toast will be displayed for a long duration.
2. LENGTH_SHORT: It is used to display the Toast for short period of time. When we set this duration the Toast will be displayed for short duration.
Below we show the use of makeText() method of Toast in which we set application context, a text message and duration for the Toast.
2. show(): This method is used to display the Toast on the screen. This method is display the text which we create using makeText() method of Toast.
Below we Firstly initiate the Toast and then display it using show() method.
3. setGravity(int,int,int): This method is used to set the gravity for the Toast. This method accepts three parameters: a Gravity constant, an x-position offset, and a y-position offset.
Below we Firstly initiate the Toast, set top and left gravity and then display it using show() method.
4. setText(CharSequence s): This method is used to set the text for the Toast. If we use makeText() method and then we want to change the text value for the Toast then we use this method.
Below we firstly create a new Toast using makeText() method and then set the text for the Toast.
5. setDuration(int duration): This method is used to set the duration for the Toast. If we use makeText() method and then we want to change the duration for the Toast then we use this method.
Below we firstly create a new Toast using makeText() method and then set the duration for the Toast.
6. inflate(int, ViewGroup):This method is used to inflate the layout from the xml. In this method first parameter is the layout resource ID and the second is the root View.
Below we retrieve the Layout Inflater and then inflate the layout from the xml file.
7. setView(View): This method is used to set the view for the Toast. In this method we pass the inflated layout which we inflate using inflate() method.
Below we firstly retrieve the layout inflater and then inflate the layout and finally create a new Toast and pass the inflated layout in the setView() method.
Custom Toast in Android:
In Android, Sometimes simple Toast may not be satisfactory, and then we can go for customizing a Toast. For creating a custom layout, define a View layout, in XML and pass the root View object to the setView(View) method.
Steps for Implementation of Custom Toast In Android:
Step 1: Firstly Retrieve the Layout Inflater with getLayoutInflater() (or getSystemService()) and then inflate the layout from XML using inflate(int, ViewGroup). In inflate method first parameter is the layout resource ID and the second is the root View.
Step 2: Create a new Toast with Toast(Context) and set some properties of the Toast, such as the duration and gravity.
Step 3: Call setView(View) and pass the inflated layout in this method.
Step 4: Display the Toast on the screen using show() method of Toast.
In the below example we have shown the functioning of Toast and custom Toast both.
French Toast Griddle
Toast And Custom Toast Example In Android Studio:
Below is the example of Toast and Custom Toast in Android. In this example we display two Button’s one for Simple Toast and other for Custom Toast and perform click event on them. Whenever a user click on simple Toast Button a Toast with message “Simple Toast In Android” displayed on the screen and when a user clicks on custom toast Button a message “Custom Toast In Android” with a image displayed on the screen. For Creating a custom toast we firstly retrieve the layout inflater and then inflate the custom toast layout from the xml file. After that we get the reference of TextView and ImageView from the inflated layout and set the text and image in the TextView and ImageView. Finally we create a new Toast and pass the inflated layout in the setView() method and then display the Toast by using show() method of Toast.
Below is the final output, download Android Studio code and step by step explanation of the example:
Step 1: Create a new project and name it ToastExample
Step 2: Open res -> layout ->activity_main.xml (or) main.xml and add following code:
Step 3: Now create a xml layouts by right clicking on res/layout -> New -> Layout Resource File and name it custom_toast_layout.xml
Step 4: Open src -> package -> MainActivity.java
In this step we open MainActivity and add the code for initiate the Button’s and perform click event on Button’s. Whenever a user click on simple Toast Button a Toast with message “Simple Toast In Android” displayed on the screen and when a user clicks on custom toast Button a message “Custom Toast In Android” with a image displayed on the screen. For Creating a custom toast we firstly retrieve the layout inflater and then inflate the custom toast layout from the xml file. After that we get the reference of TextView and ImageView from the inflated layout and set the text and image in the TextView and ImageView. Finally we create a new Toast and pass the inflated layout in the setView() method and then display the Toast by using show() method of Toast.